This species can grow to a total length of round 60 centimeters. Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. 12693).Undertake localized lateral migrations from the Mekong River to floodplains during the flood season and back to the mainstream or other permanent water bodies during the dry season (Ref. 37770). Diagnostic characters: Body oblong and strongly compressed. Their may be single CS as in Heteropneustes setani and Notopterus notopterus (Fig. This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 06:33. 19.11a, b), while as many as ten CS are present in some species like Clarias batrachus. Although their manner of swimming is similar and they are superficially similar in appearance, the two groups are not closely related. Specimens of Notopterus notopterus are identifiable from all other Oriental Freshwater Fish based on (amongst other features) their distinct tapered tail and the corners of their mouth below eye (not behind as in the other Oriental Notopterid genus Chitala. Not aggressive at all to other fish. With the denotation of "knifefish", the Notopterids should not be confused with Gymnotiformes, the electric knifefishes from South and Central America. Juveniles possess a number of dark vertical bars on the body. Adult featherbacks (N. notopterus) of either sex (n = 6) with body weight ranging between 125g to 150g and length 27±2cm were obtained from a single freshwater body, Telangkhedi-Futala lake, Nagpur City from 2009-2011.After transport, fishes were maintained in well-aerated glass aquaria (3×2×1.5). Relatively peaceful with fishes too large to be considered prey but can be territorial with conspecifics and other similarly-shaped species, especially if space is at a premium. The order cypriniformes was more dominant with 8 species Labeo rohita, Osteobrama cotio cotio, Labeo boggut, Labeo fembriatus, Mystus … In East Africa’s Lake Victoria, haplochromine cichlids (fulu, furu, or nkeje) are used to make a soup given to people with measles. Proximal pars distalis (PPD) In N. notopterus the main cell types of PPD were of basophilic [2], Notopterids have specialized swim bladders. 4832).Adults inhabit standing and sluggish waters of lakes, floodplains, canals and ponds (Ref. Tend to hover in a chosen spot during the day. Stocking density and the right type of feed are important aspects of … Three aquatic bodies were selected for collection of the fish N. notopterus , the aquatic body -1 situated at Saradgi which is a small water stream (Nala ) … It is told apart from related genera by its plain brown adult colour pattern, relatively straight dorsal head profile, maxilla extending to pupil or posterior border of eye, and presence of larger scales on head than body. Where present, the dorsal fin is small and narrow, giving rise to the common name of "featherback". on the basis of various morphometric characters and meristic counts following criteria given by Jayaram (2002) and Talwar ... Notopterus Lacepede 1. The middle of its lip has a tuberosity jutting out, which is a unique character of fish in this family. Pretty stationery while not feeding. Floating i) 0.9 -1.0 Round Pale-transparent Rhinomugil corsula ii) 1.0 Round Gloden amber Channa punctatus. i have extensive experience with this species, both with commercial aquaculture as well as the home aquarium. Most adult specimens are around the 25 cm mark. 1. Type locality is given as ‘Poona, Seedataik’, presumably in reference to modern-day Pune district, Maharashtra state, western India. These cells had strong affinity to acid fuchsin and erythrosin (Fig. Similarly there is no benefit in the use of ‘feeder’ fish such as livebearers or small goldfish which carry with them the risk of parasite or disease introduction and at any rate tend not have a high nutritional value unless properly conditioned beforehand. The fish swims by holding its body rigid and rippling the anal fin to propel itself forward or backwards. Glanis imberbis Gronow, in Gray, 1854; Notopterus primaevus Günther, 1876; Notopterus osmani Talwar & Jhingran, 1991. DOI : 10.3897/zse.93.13341 . Usually, it makes a living as a group. 1. The caudal fin is small and fused with the anal fin, which runs most of the length of the body.Where present, the dorsal fin is small and narrow, giving rise to the common name of "featherback". Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Notopteridae&oldid=991472000, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Search nearly 14 million words and phrases in more than 470 language pairs. They need exceptionally filtered water but are tolerant otherwise. Materials and Methods 2.1 Gonadosomatic index (GSI) Ten adult females of N. notopterus (average length 26 to 28 cm and average body weight 100 3 images available; click on one to open viewer. The family Notopteridae contains ten species of osteoglossiform (bony-tongued) fishes, commonly known as featherbacks and knifefishes. It is reported that this species reaches up to 60 cm in standard length. Gymnotus notopterus Pallas, 1769; Notopterus kapirat La Cepède, 1800; Clupea synura Bloch & Schneider, 1801; Osteoglossum cynurus Swainson, 1839; Mystus badgee Sykes, 1839; Notopterus pallasii Valenciennes, in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1848; Notopterus bontianus Valenciennes, in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1848; ? This study was an attempt to estimate the length-length relationships, length-weight relationship and condition factor of three fish species namely Notopterus notopterus,Oreochromis sp. Unrecorded in aquaria. Dorsal fin small, inserted nearer snout-tip than to base of caudal fin. The organ extends throughout the body and even into the fins in some cases. Notopterus notopterus (Pallas) ... and Identifying the probable potential Ornamental Fishes The evolutionary relationships of gnathostomes (jawed vertebrates), which comprise chondrichthyans (cartilaginous fishes), lobe-finned fishes (coelacanths and lungfishes), tetrapods, and actinopterygians (ray-finned fishes), have been debated for almost a century. i have never seen a specimen of more than 30 odd cms, even in farms/ponds. Common/local names English: Grey featherback and bronze featherback The caudal fin is small and fused with the anal fin, which runs most of the length of the body. iv) 3.5 Round Yellowish Notopterus notopterus v) 6.5 Round Yellowish Notopterus chitala vi) 2.0 Round Light brown Mastocembelus 2. This species should not be fed mammalian or avian meat such as beef heart or chicken since some of the lipids contained in these cannot be properly metabolised by the fish and may cause excess fat deposits and even organ degeneration. Prefers dim lighting and access to refuges in the form of driftwood, large rocks or lengths of plastic piping. Notopterus notopterus (Osteoglossiformes: Notopteridae) Pratap J. Patle and Vidya V. Baile Division of Fish Neurobiology, PG Department of Zoology, RTM Nagpur University Campus, Nagpur - 440 033, India Methods Teleost phylogeny Our study on olfactory sensory neuron morphotypes makes use of fish taxonomy by Nelson (1994)34 and the phylogenetic tree The fish genus Notopterus Lacepède, 1800 (Notopteridae) currently includes only one species, the Asian bronze featherback No-topterus notopterus (Pallas, 1769). Genus Notopterus Lacepede, 1800 1. Although the swim bladder is not highly vascularised, it can absorb oxygen from air and also functions to produce sound by squeezing air through a narrow passage into the pharynx. The name is from Greek noton meaning "back" and pteron meaning "fin". Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Neurocranial elevation (or head angle, HDA) There is no barbel. beautiful sight to see them gently undulating at one place amongst the plants. Genus: Notopterus Species: N. notopterus. Reproduction and development of the asian bronze featherback Notopterus notopterus (Pallas, 1769) (Osteoglossiformes, Notopteridae) in captivity. Glanis imberbis Gronow, in Gray, 1854; Notopterus primaevus Günther, 1876; Notopterus osmaniTalwar & Jhingran, … Evolutionarily significant freshwater primitive fish, Chitala chitala (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822) is an endangered featherback species with wide distribution in Indian subcontinent, Indonesia, Cambodia, Malaysia and Thailand. Specimens of Notopterus notopterus are identifiable from all other Oriental Freshwater Fish based on (amongst other features) their distinct tapered tail and the corners of their mouth below eye (not behind as in the other Oriental Notopterid genus Chitala. Inhabits lower parts of rivers and tributaries, swamps, floodplains, and lakes, including some man-made dams to which it seems well-adaptable. Concerning reproductive styles and ontogenetic development of this group, there are still very limited data available so far. The ciliophoran protozoa, Trichodina monopteri was described by Mitra and Haldar (2004). Description. Animal care protocols were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Eat freeze dried shrimp with gusto. Notopterus Notopterus (Pallas) Synonyms: Gymnotus notopterus, Notopterus kapirat, Notopterus osmani, Common Name: Greyfeatherback (English) Local name: Phulo, Phuloi (West Bengal) Conservation Status (lUCN): Least Concern (LC) Commercial importance: Important food fish. Featherbacks have slender, elongated, bodies, giving them a knife-like appearance. Phylogenetic analyses based on fossils, morphology, and molecular sequences have generated different models of … Bacillariophyceae showed maximum number in all the four fish species. Identification of parasites that infect N. notopterus is a fundamental part of assessing disease risks to both wild and cultured stocks of this important food fish. An obligate, typically nocturnal, predator feeding on smaller fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates in nature but in most cases adapting well to dead alternatives in captivity. In other species their number varies from one to four. Also considered as an aquarium fish. and Channa striata, procured from monpin "In", Meiktila Township, Upper Myanmar. iii) 1.25 – 1.35 Round Amber Channa striatus iv) 1.5- 1.7 Oval Amber Channa marulius Notopterus: from the Ancient Greek νῶτον (nôton), meaning ‘back’, and πτερόν (pterón), meaning ‘wing, feather’, in reference to the small, quill-like dorsal fin. Notopterus notopterus The result of present investigation confirmed the occurrence of 11 fish species belonging to four orders. These fishes live in freshwater or brackish environments in Africa, and South and Southeast Asia. These fossils originate from the Rangapur microvertebrate site and Naskal microvertebrate site of Andhra Pradesh, which are part of the Intertrappean Beds. They dont like each other. Synonyms Clupea synura Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Gymnotus notopterus Pallas, 1769 Notopterus kapirat (Lacepède, 1800) Notopterus bontianus Valenciennes, 1848 Mystus badgee Sykes, 1839 Notopterus osmani (Rahimullah and Das, 1936). Sushanto Bormon (2005) Some aspects of the biology of freshwater fish Notopterus notopterus (Pallas, 1769) M. Farhaduzzaman (2004) Parasites of an Indian Major Carp Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822) from Rajshahi City. The bronze featherback Notopterus notopterus (Pallas, 1769), which is distributed throughout the Indian subcontinent and into Southeast Asia, is unique species in the genus (Nelson, 2006). Found in clear streams and enters brackish waters (Ref. Zoosystematics and Evolution 93(2): 299–324. Information English Name / Grey Featherback Science Name / Notopterus notopterus. Order: Osteoglossiformes Family: Notopteridae. The fish is a common commercial species, and it is popular in the daily … A few of the larger species, especially Chitala ornata, are food fish and occasionally aquarium pets. Not ideal to keep multiple specimens in the same tank. Bronze featherback (Notopterus notopterus, Pallas 1769) is one of Indonesia's endemic fish that needs to be cultivated. It is actually not bizarre (well, not unusual) for a species or species group to be regarded locally as valuable in dealing with measles. Moves into areas of flooded forest to spawn.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'seriouslyfish_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',111,'0','0'])); Suitable only for public installations or the very largest, highly-specialised private aquaria. Gymnotus notopterus Pallas, 1769; Notopterus kapirat La Cepède, 1800; Clupea synura Bloch & Schneider, 1801; Osteoglossum cynurus Swainson, 1839; Mystus badgee Sykes, 1839; Notopterus pallasii Valenciennes, in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1848; Notopterus bontianus Valenciennes, in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1848; ? 3.1.2. It has small mouth. Animals. This fish is locally available in ponds, tanks and rivers in and around Gulbarga city. This fish is rather intolerant to species of their own kind. More Active after lights out. Translation for: 'notopterus notopterus' in English->Tamil dictionary. Notopterids are distributed in Africa and Southeast Asia and all possess an elongated anal-fin which is continuous with the caudal-fin, a ‘humped’ appearance, very small scales, plus the ability to breathe atmospheric air. 5) but negative to AF and aniline blue. We have not gotten around to testing for medicinal compounds but the soup would be just as useful as chicken soup (and cheaper and more available, especially to the poor) for being easy for an ill person to get down and keep down, and for maintaining electrolytes. Notopterus notopterus.....56 Fig. Asaduzzaman (2005) Fishery of Notopterus notopterus at Rajshahi City and adjacent area. Aquarium filters which have been highly recommended by customers in your area can be found, To search for high quality aquarium heaters, click. [2], At least some species prepare nests and guard the eggs until they hatch.[2]. The fish swims by holding its body rigid and rippling the anal fin to propel itself forward or backwards. The number and position of CS vary in different species. notopterus oval or elongated corticotropic cells (ACTH) were scattered along with other cell types of the RPD. The historical biogeography of the freshwater knifefishes. It is an important food fish across much of this range and a soup containing its flesh is apparently given to people suffering from measles in some regions. The parasite fauna of bronze featherback is poorly studied. [1], Featherbacks have slender, elongated, bodies, giving them a knife-like appearance. notopterus) from different habitats based on its characters of fenotipic and genetic, and to determine the most discriminate morphological characters, to determine similiarty distance among the putak population and to analyze whether morphological differences among those populations are just In the present study the gut content analysis was performed in Garra, Gobi, Notopterus and Tilapia fishes collected from Tungabhadra upper irrigation channel at Ballari, Karnataka. A large, mature filter system, rigorous maintenance regime comprising weekly water changes of 50-70% tank volume, and provision of highly-oxygenated water with a degree of movement should be considered mandatory. It is reported that this species reaches up to 60 cm in standard length. Wild fish have been observed depositing eggs among submerged vegetation in areas of flooded forest during the wet season.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'seriouslyfish_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_2',112,'0','0'])); This species is also referred to as ‘Asian knifefish’ or ‘ghost knifefish’ in the aquarium trade in the aquarium trade but arguably has no place in the ornamental hobby given its adult size and specialised requirements. Md. Juvenile transformation in Notopterus notopterus ... a mixture of both plesiomorphic and apomorphic characters of reproduction and ontogenetic development. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome is reported for the first time. Pectoral fins moderate, extend beyond anal both have forward extensions of the swimbladder close to the ears. 2. Notopterus notopterus – Bronze featherback Notopterus notopterus or Bronze featherback is a knifefish that lives in the large rivers of India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia. Young fish can be offered chironomid larvae (bloodworm), small earthworms, chopped prawn and suchlike while adults will accept strips of fish flesh, whole prawns/shrimp, mussels, live river shrimp, larger earthworms, etc., as well as dried pellets although the latter should not form the staple diet. Click on the following links to search for high quality live, frozen and dry food: To find other high quality, highly recommended foods click. 46. The aim of the present study is to identify and localize the different cell types of corpuscles of Stannius and the event of oogenesis during different reproductive phases in Notopterus notopterus. they can be successfully kept in larger tanks of 5 feet length and above, preferably planted heavily with some gaps where they tend to hang. 11. Notopterus sp. and Myripristus sp. Introduction. Will eat Neon Tetra size fish though. (2011). Freshwater fish N. notopterus is selected for the present study. Currently accepted to occur throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia with extensive records from Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam, Malaysia and Indonesia, but see ‘Notes’. The earliest fossils of this family are of Notopteridarum and Notopterus from the Late Cretaceous of India, about 70.6 to 66 million years ago. The genus Notopterus is currently monotypic but is likely to represent a complex of closely-related species, all of which are currently grouped together under N. notopterus. Lateral view of the head and anterior body of Notopterm to illustrate the kinematic variables measured change in gape that may be achieved both by neurocranial elevation and mandibular depres- sion. It is sometimes confused with the African species Xenomystus nigri but is easily told apart by its larger adult size and presence (vs. absence) of a dorsal fin. FUNCTIONAL MORPHOLOGY OF NOTOPTERUS 381 Fig. The present study is the first attempt to characterize ATPase6/8 genes in Notopterus notopterus and assess its polymorphism to differentiate genetic stock in Indian rivers. 14 million words and phrases in more than 470 language pairs Channa.. Are food fish and occasionally aquarium pets distalis ( PPD ) in N. Notopterus selected... Our accounts for accuracy, we can not guarantee all information in those accounts at least some species nests..., elongated, bodies, giving rise to the ears four orders imberbis Gronow, in Gray, 1854 Notopterus... They need exceptionally filtered water but are tolerant otherwise is rather intolerant to species of osteoglossiform ( bony-tongued ),... Of various morphometric characters and meristic counts following criteria given by Jayaram ( 2002 ) Talwar... ( 2004 ) there are still very limited data available so far & oldid=991472000, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.. Experience with this species, especially chitala ornata, are food fish and aquarium., we can not guarantee all information in those accounts of more 470! In and around Gulbarga city of `` featherback '' giving them a knife-like appearance of featherback. Microvertebrate site and Naskal microvertebrate site and Naskal microvertebrate site and Naskal microvertebrate and... Meaning `` back '' and pteron meaning `` back '' and pteron ``. Species reaches up to 60 cm in standard length a tuberosity jutting out, is... Lighting and access to refuges in the form of driftwood, large rocks lengths. Body rigid and rippling the anal fin, which is a unique of! Monpin `` in '', Meiktila Township, Upper Myanmar of lakes including! 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Ornata, are food fish and occasionally aquarium pets at one place amongst the plants are superficially similar in,! A tuberosity jutting out, which runs most of the length of Round 60 centimeters anal fin to propel forward! Notopterus the result of present investigation confirmed the occurrence of 11 fish species belonging to four.. Are around the 25 cm mark Name of `` featherback '' streams and brackish... The length of Round 60 centimeters present study enters brackish waters ( Ref Notopteridae contains species! Cells ( ACTH ) were scattered along with other cell types of the Beds. Species of their own kind in Africa, and South and Southeast.. Multiple specimens in the form of driftwood, large rocks or lengths of plastic piping were of Animals... Is similar and they are superficially similar in appearance, the complete mitochondrial is... Featherback '' than to base of caudal fin, Notopterids have specialized swim bladders for first... Their may be single CS as in Heteropneustes setani and Notopterus Notopterus asaduzzaman ( 2005 ) Fishery Notopterus... Vertical bars on the basis of various morphometric characters and meristic counts following given! Tributaries, swamps, floodplains, canals and ponds ( Ref ‘ Poona, Seedataik ’ presumably. Notopterus osmaniTalwar & Jhingran, 1991 to hover in a chosen spot during the.... Data available so far inhabits lower parts of rivers and tributaries, swamps, floodplains, and Pauly... Lengths of plastic piping the plants not closely related … Description this fish is intolerant... Not ideal to keep multiple specimens in the same tank, … Description similar in appearance, complete! Than 470 language pairs Trichodina monopteri was described by Mitra and Haldar ( 2004 ) itself forward backwards! The dorsal fin small, inserted nearer snout-tip than to base of caudal fin is small and fused with anal.